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How To Raise Healthy Poultry

Raising poultry has become very popular, from backyard owners keeping chickens as a hobby and for food, to breeding show birds, pet birds, quail, pheasants and other exotic breeds. You may even be raising birds at school or as part of a supervised agricultural experience project. Keeping birds healthy should be a top priority for bird owners of all ages. There are many infectious poultry diseases that can cause serious problems. Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza, (HPAI), and Exotic Newcastle Disease, (END), are caused by viruses and can strike and spread quickly, sometimes without warning.

Size:69% These poultry diseases are not normally a threat to people, but they can make birds very sick or even kill them. The best insurance against these and other diseases involves three simple steps we call “backyard biosecurity”. Backyard biosecurity means doing everything you can to protect your birds from disease… similar to what we use every day to protect ourselves from human infections. We wash our hands, wash our dishes and try to avoid contact with people who are sick with colds or flu. Following these three backyard biosecurity steps will help you protect your birds and even those of your neighbors, family and friends. The first step is to LOOK. Look over your birds each day. While it may be hard to tell if your bird has a disease, you’re ahead of the game if you know the warning signs of bird diseases such as HPAI and END.

Line:0% A qualified veterinarian can also recognize these diseases and will know the correct actions to take. Your local extension agent can help too. Here are some general things to look for: Birds are listless, Another warning sign is sudden death or an unusual number of birds dying in your flock. Early detection is important to prevent the spread of disease, so keep your eyes open.

Size:78% Teach these signs to your fellow members, instructors, friends and family. The second important step is: REPORT. If your birds are sick or dying, don’t wait. State and Federal veterinarians will want to know, and you’ll want to tell an adult who can help you immediately. Call this toll-free hotline: 1-866-536-7593 to report the incident to the USDA. And the third step to Backyard Biosecurity is: PROTECT. In this step, there are two things to keep in mind: KEEP IT CLEAN and KEEP IT AWAY. First…how do you KEEP IT CLEAN? Thoroughly wash your hands before entering your bird area and handling your birds.

Line:0% Your cleaning supplies should include water, disinfectant, and a brush to clean the soles of your boots, tools or other materials you might carry in. Remove and clean your shoes, paying particular attention to the soles. Be sure to remove mud and manure to ensure the disinfectant will work. It may seem like too much trouble, but you want to keep your birds germ-free, because germs can be picked up on shoes and moved from one place to another.

Line:0% Keep a separate pair of shoes or boots near your bird area to wear only when working with your poultry. The same goes for your clothes. Put fresh clothes in a clean container nearby, and wear them only when working with your birds. Because germs can be spread by aerosol droplets, you should even blow your nose and clean your ears with tissues… of course discarding the tissues before you enter your bird area. Clean and disinfect equipment that comes in contact with your birds or their droppings. Feeders, waterers and cages should be cleaned daily. Remember, if there is mud and/or manure on shovels or other equipment, remove it before you scrub and disinfect the area so the disinfectant will work properly.

Line:0% If you remove your birds from their enclosure, it’s a great chance to do a thorough cleaning. For best results, take out all the old litter, manure, and other debris, and then clean and disinfect the area. You should leave it empty for at least 10 days. If you have friends or family help with cleaning, make sure they know it is important to be thorough. The second part of the Protect step is… KEEP IT AWAY. Help keep diseases away from your birds. Control access to your property or school pens, and limit access to your birds. If visitors, even family, friends and neighbors have birds, don’t let them near yours. If visitors just want to see your birds, they should wash up and clean their shoes before entering the bird area.

Line:0% The best solution is to provide clean clothes for visitors. If you’ve been near other birds or owners, such as at an exhibition or a feed store, clean and disinfect your clothing and shoes before going near your birds. It’s also a good idea to keep your poultry away from game birds or migratory waterfowl because they can carry germs and diseases. If your birds are outside, try to keep them in a screened area. And if your birds have been at a fair or exhibition, keep them separate from the rest of your flock for at least two weeks after the event.

Align:start When you get new chicks or birds, they should be isolated for at least 30 days. Remember, buy your chicks and birds from a reputable dealer, and have your parents or advisors help you with the purchase. Finally, don’t share equipment and tools with other bird owners. If you must share a tool or any equipment, disinfect it before bringing it home. Another tip that can help provide protectio will make a big difference in ensuring you have healthy and productive birds at home or your school farm. Remember, YOU are the best protection your birds have. Educate your fellow club or chapter members, as well as your family or friends who own birds.

Just recall these three simple steps for Backyard Biosecurity: LOOK…REPORT… PROTECT. [cock-a-doodle-do] ♪♪.

As found on Youtube

Improved Methods for Raising Chickens

How to practice improved chicken farming Kundapitha village Have you finished lunch? Yes Let’s go to Mamta’s house. Ok. let’s go. AS we discussed, I have come today. Sit down. You finished your work early and came here! Yes, we came. Your daughter in law is doing well? Yes, she is fine. The child is sleeping. Let me help her sleep and then we will talk. Mother and Sasmita had come earlier to learn chicken farming.

I went to Dhenkikote market and bought ten chicks. Since we have bought chickens, please tell us how to take care of them. It’s good that you bought the chicks. You should remember three things to properly care for the chicks. First, vaccinate the chickens to protect them from illness and death. Second, provide a small house for the chickens to stay safe at night. Third, when the chickens will grow, they will lay eggs. The eggs will move and may break. So, you need to keep sand in one side of the house so that the chickens will lay eggs on sand. This can prevent the eggs from breaking. You came at the right time. We have also informed the livestock inspector to vaccinate the chickens. Lets go and see our chicken shed. Ok, lets go. Look, Sir has come! Namaskar! Namaskar! Is everything fine? Yes, everything is fine. He is Dr. Naik, Livestock Inspector! He always comes to vaccinate the chickens.

Yesterday we had informed him to come and he arrived at the right time. Sir will explain now. Since we spoke, I came for a visit. Have have kept all the chickens inside? Yes. Everything is ready. I am so happy that you all are quite interested in chicken farming! Let’s go and immunize the chickens. Sir, please explain to us when we should immunize the chickens. They came here to know about this. Fine, I am quite happy that you are interested in raising chickens at your house. When the chicks hatch whether 10, 20 or 25 — they should be given RDF1 strain within 1 to 7 days, either in their eyes or in the nostrils in the form of drops. Please bring the chicks. Hold it. You can see now. The drops have fallen in the eyes. Alternatively, you can give it in the nostrils, like this and it will go inside. This dose lasts for 7 days. The next dose is given after the 7th day and is called Lacuda.

You can give Lacuda in same manner, either in the eyes or in the nostrils. After that, you have to give RD R2B vaccination within 2 months. It will protect the chickens from dying and prevent from having white stool. Where do we give this vaccine? You can see how I am doing. You need to give RB R2B at the dosage of ml per bird either in their muscles or below the wings.

I immunized all your chickens just now. You need to immunize again after six months. Ok Sir. You should plan for immunization after 3 months again if you are adding chicks in intervals. So, you have to plan for immunization in every 3 to 6 months interval. You will get these vaccines either from medicine store or from government veterinary hospitals. You have to pay Rs. 40 per 10 birds if you purchase the vaccines from medicine stores. But you can get the vaccines at subsidized rate from govt. hospitals. Namaskar! Namaskar! This is our poultry shed. This is the corridor and we have made walls on two sided to get a small house for the chickens. This is the entrance where the chickens enter and exit. The wild cat can not catch the chickens at night if they stay inside. Keep wooden sticks and paste with mud on the top or you can simply use wooden sticks to cover it.

You will have to construct a small house like this. Yes. Its not a difficult task to do. Your mother and wife can help you. You can also construct the shed with bricks and mud and then paste wooden sticks on the wall. You do not need to engage your pregnant daughter in law in this work. Your mother can help you now. Yes. What can you do to help get better production from your chickens? 1.Immunize your chickens 2. Keep chickens in a small house, especially at night, to keep them safe and laying more eggs Its a small shed. Should we keep them inside the shed during the day or night? The chickens will stay here during the night. But we keep them inside an enclosure outside during the day. You can add some ventilation to the shed if you need to, if it doesn’t have windows. Call Denver HVAC, they will help. Come, I will show you. This is the enclosure. As we have a shed here to keep the straw, we have enclosed the four sides with the help of a net. If you do not have a straw shed, then you can find a cool place under a tree and then cover it with nets so chickens won’t be able to leave. You can keep your chickens safe this way.

In this way you can also protect your vegetable plants from being destroyed by them. Secondly, you can protect he chickens from wild cats and dogs. Thirdly, you can clean the chicken feces easily and dump in the compost pits. And the compost is very good for agriculture purposes. And most importantly, this will ensure that we keep the children away from the feces thus protecting them from illnesses. This enclosure should be built at small distance from the house in the backyard. And last but not the least remember you should always wash your hands with soap whenever you handle chickens with your hands. You should also wash your hands with soap after cleaning the chicken feces. What are the important safety aspects in raising chickens? Keep the chickens in a pen, not where the family sleeps and eats, as chickens can pass illness.

Today we learned so many things from you. We will definitely discuss this with our family members and follow the steps we discussed. We are leaving now. Namaskar! Look, he is coming. When did you come? Just one hour ago. What did you see? We saw your poultry shed and how immunization is done. You can sell the chickens in the market after discussing among the family members and can earn some money. We also sell chickens and get additional income. We buy vegetable with the money we get after selling the chickens. You can also do the same and get some profit. Who in the family should decide about chicken raising and income? Families should decide together who should care for the chickens and what to do with the production and income Sukanti Mahanta Saibani Mahanta Satyabrata Mahanta Sasmita Mahanta Mamshree Mahanta Ashirbad Mahanta Ganeswar Mahanta, Livestock Inspector Thank you..

As found on Youtube

All Black Chickens

If you cut it, everything is black including flesh, blood and bones. It contains higher protein and iron percentage and less cholesterol and fat That makes it costlier. With high iron content it is considered healthy. Whenever there was a meeting by KVK in our village, They always insisted on rearing Kadaknath. I used to sit and always tried to understand the benefits of rearing Kadaknath. Kadaknath is still less in number. We at KVK Jhabua are trying our best to increase the numbers and spread its rearing.

Kadaknath is high in demand because of its special characteristics. We are getting demands from the entire country, plus there is a big local demand too We are supplying on an average 4 to 5 thousand chicks every month That is supplied to local farmers in Jhabua and rest of Madhya Pradesh as well as other parts of the country As there is a huge demand so we supply it according to a waitlist. After 3 months of rearing Kadaknath, I can earn a minimum 35 thousands. There is no other way one can earn 35 thousands in three months by doing manual labour. We can sell a Kadaknath chicken whenever there is need like buying books, pens, clothes etc for our children If someone falls sick suddenly, there is an option to sell a chicken and get treatment Otherwise one needs to go to a money lender to borrow at 10 percent interest during emergencies We earn little from agriculture. Inspite of all the hard work the crops die due to lack of water scarcity. But rearing Kadaknath brings good profit to us Question -How much did you earn last year? Last year we earned RS. lakhs We rear 100 chicks at one go and the minimum income is 35-40 thousand if I sell it at one go If I sell them one at a time then I can probably earn even more.

Rearing requires investment and involves risks, even with10-20 chicks we can earn some money. We have around 140 Pashu Mitra (Friends of Animals) They take care of vaccination and deworming for both chick and goats They also train farmers how to take care of the animals We conducted a one day training programme for the farmers on how to rear Kadaknath. how to keep them disease free and healthy with proper feed Kadaknath needs proper and regular light In the beginning the chicks need to be kept inside an enclosure called chick guard because they can die as they climb on top of each other So these are some of the tips that we give them during our training programmes.

As found on Youtube

Chickens – Off The Grid!

Greetings, I’m Shad coming at you from Lake Atitlán, Guatemala and today I am going to show you around our off the grid, zero waste, profitable, permaculture farm. One of the big ideas of permaculture is that we use nature as our guide and we mimic the natural patterns and in turn design eco-systems that can meet all of our needs. One of the big patterns that we can observe in nature is that nature produces no waste. There is no such thing as waste in nature because every output of one thing is used in-turn by something else continually adding to the diversity and complexity of the system. So that idea of producing no waste has been a central theme in the design of our own house and permaculture farm.

Since the beginning of the farm we made the decision to be completely off the grid and aim to meet all of our energy needs as locally and sustainably as possible. For several years we lived without electricity and thoroughly enjoyed it but more recently we made the upgrade to a small solar system that consists of 3 90-watt panels and 2 batteries. I really want to stress here that going off the grid is not just about going out and buying a bunch of fancy equipment. Really it’s about looking deeply at our actual energy needs and devising strategies for how we can reduce our usage and consumption. Furthermore sustainability is a process and it is achieved only through work and accepting constant feedback. For example our cooking energy is still not 100% sustainable. We mainly use a rocket stove with firewood that we grow on the land but we also use a propane tank for a lot of our cooking. Our goal in the future is to build a biodigester that will produce methane and hopefully reduce our need for propane, but at the current moment we haven’t achieved that yet.

Beyond our energy use all of our buildings as well are designed to feature locally available renewable materials. As with our house and other farm buildings the seed house here is a perfect example of a natural building made exclusively from materials we find on our land. >From the stone, to the bamboo, and soil all the way to the wood, these materials come from our land, and are readily renewed. Water is probably the most important element on any farm or homestead. Without water you can’t really do much of anything at all, and that is why when we picked our site and location we really prioritized access to clean potable water. Because of it’s importance we felt the need to develop 3 different resources at least that each provide us with clean drinking water. Right behind me is our spring and this is our primary source of drinking water. Aside from the spring we have a year-round river that provides all of our irrigation needs and filtered drinking water in an emergency.

Finally we have rainwater systems that capture rainwater in a case one of the other elements does not work. Aside from working with actively flowing bodies of water, we also work with the passive harvesting of rainwater and other overland flow. The goal here as we see in nature is to slow the water down, spread it out across our landscape, and sink it into the ground. You can really remember that easily. Slow it, spread it, sink it. Even if you’re not living on an active profitable farm, it should be pretty easy for any person or family to meet most of their vegetable needs in a small space right behind their house. In permaculture we call the space surrounding the house that is visited the most “zone 1” and in zone 1 it is really quite easy to grow a whole lot of food to meet most of your vegetable needs. In this little garden right behind my house I have over 50 useful plants that are edible or medicinal. Visited regularly and watered regularly they grow very well even if they are packed in a little tight.

By using companion planting and active care we produce all of our families vegetable needs in this 8 meter by 8 meter patch. A bit further away from the house we cultivate our main calorie crop, or energy crop. Which for us is taro root. The system in which we grow our taro root is in a forested system that mimics the naturally occurring architecture of woodlands and forests. If you look at any forest you can see that different plants occupy different layers.

Starting from the bottom we have the root layer which for us is occupied by our main food crop, taro root. Beyond the root layer we have the ground cover layer which for us it sweet potato, or mint. The sweet potato provides edible greens as well as an edible root. Above the ground cover layer we have the herbaceous layer which for us is sweet cucumber, a shade tolerant fruit producing cucurbit, which gives a nice melon tasting fruit regularly. Above the herb layer we have naranjilla which is a small sour orange or we have banana. Beyond the herbaceous layer we go to the mid-sized or medium tree layer. In our food forests we grow loquats, pomegranates, limes, and tree tomatoes. These occupy the small tree layer, or the lower canopy. Above that layer we have the big trees or the upper canopy layer which for us is avocados and bamboo. Beyond that we have vines like passion fruit that grow all over the trees and produce a lot of fruit.

We also have mushrooms growing which occupy an 8th layer in a naturally occurring forest. Together these plants provide a large amount of fruit that meets our fruit needs and keeps our diet exciting, but it really produces our taro root which is our major calorie crop. Another aspect of the food forest is that we rotate different types of animals through different parts of the farm at various times of the year. This allows the animals to fertilize the food forest and then allows the food forest to absorb the fertilization and rest when the animals move to a different piece. In this particular case we have meat birds that live in this movable chicken house behind us. This chicken house is easily rotated to connect to four different yards, and that allows the chickens to be in one yard for a period of time and then be moved to another place. Similarly goats which are the corner stone of our farming enterprise are rotated through pastures even further away from the house. By using people to guide their movements we move the goats throughout different areas so that the land can regenerate once they have been visited by the animals.

Here we are in the market garden which aside from the goats accounts for the main income for the farm. The market garden mainly grows greens, herbs, and a variety of vegetables that we sell locally within our town and community. The market garden is managed with animals and with rotation of different types of crops. We move chickens or pigs through here regularly to help us turn the soil and weed out the bugs.

We also rotate the different types of plants and ensure a wide variety of companion planting to ensure diversity, pest resistance, and insect attractance. Unlike the food forest which is relatively low labor, the market garden requires a lot of attention and care. All of our farm is 100% spray-free, we do not use any pesticides, not even organic ones. So that increases a our labor a bit that we need to cultivate annual crops for our market garden. Here we are in our pig and chicken house which is also our composting pile. It is the whole compost pile for the entire farm. Every amount of organic waste that we produce whether it is from our kitchen from our gardens, from the food forest, and even from the goat barn, all of that comes into this house. Below me is over 4 feet of actively composting deep bedding.

If you dig down a little you will feel a lot of heat and below that is readily finished compost that you can apply anywhere to help your plants grow. By adding greens every day to the pigs and the chickens, plus their main food and a lot of kitchen and restaurant scraps we ensure that they have a high quality diet, lots of green material in their diet they get air flow, sun, and lots of exercise. Most importantly is that they get food and nutrition from the compost pile and they are our primary turners so they do all of the work while producing eggs and compost.

Well maybe not all of our organic waste goes to the chicken house, right here behind me is our composting toilet. Which allows us to convert our human waste into a rich natural resource which is fertilizer for our fruit trees. Since we began we always had the idea that it’s not really good for our waste to become someone else’s problem. When you flush a toilet your poop goes away from your land and becomes someone else’s troubles. Similarly any plastic that we find or that we produce we don’t let it leave our land. Instead we stuff it in old water bottles and that turns our waste into a resource. These eco-bricks can be used to make garden beds, or benches, or walls. For me that’s really what off the grid and zero waste is all about.

It’s about looking at things differently and seeing how you can convert waste into resources. So speaking of resources I think I will go convert some right now. If you guys want more information about our permaculture farm, check out www.facebook.com/AtitlanOrganics Happy Pooping! www.AtitlanOrganics.com www.Facebook.com/AtitlanOrganics Video by Rob Greenfield www.RobGreenfield.tv Subtitles by the Amara.org community.

As found on Youtube