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Raising poultry has become very popular, from backyard owners keeping chickens as a hobby and for food, to breeding show birds, pet birds, quail, pheasants and other exotic breeds. You may even be raising birds at school or as part of a supervised agricultural experience project. Keeping birds healthy should be a top priority for bird owners of all ages. There are many infectious poultry diseases that can cause serious problems. Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza, (HPAI), and Exotic Newcastle Disease, (END), are caused by viruses and can strike and spread quickly, sometimes without warning.
Size:69% These poultry diseases are not normally a threat to people, but they can make birds very sick or even kill them. The best insurance against these and other diseases involves three simple steps we call “backyard biosecurity”. Backyard biosecurity means doing everything you can to protect your birds from disease… similar to what we use every day to protect ourselves from human infections. We wash our hands, wash our dishes and try to avoid contact with people who are sick with colds or flu. Following these three backyard biosecurity steps will help you protect your birds and even those of your neighbors, family and friends. The first step is to LOOK. Look over your birds each day. While it may be hard to tell if your bird has a disease, you’re ahead of the game if you know the warning signs of bird diseases such as HPAI and END.
Line:0% A qualified veterinarian can also recognize these diseases and will know the correct actions to take. Your local extension agent can help too. Here are some general things to look for: Birds are listless, Another warning sign is sudden death or an unusual number of birds dying in your flock. Early detection is important to prevent the spread of disease, so keep your eyes open.
Size:78% Teach these signs to your fellow members, instructors, friends and family. The second important step is: REPORT. If your birds are sick or dying, don’t wait. State and Federal veterinarians will want to know, and you’ll want to tell an adult who can help you immediately. Call this toll-free hotline: 1-866-536-7593 to report the incident to the USDA. And the third step to Backyard Biosecurity is: PROTECT. In this step, there are two things to keep in mind: KEEP IT CLEAN and KEEP IT AWAY. First…how do you KEEP IT CLEAN? Thoroughly wash your hands before entering your bird area and handling your birds.
Line:0% Your cleaning supplies should include water, disinfectant, and a brush to clean the soles of your boots, tools or other materials you might carry in. Remove and clean your shoes, paying particular attention to the soles. Be sure to remove mud and manure to ensure the disinfectant will work. It may seem like too much trouble, but you want to keep your birds germ-free, because germs can be picked up on shoes and moved from one place to another.
Line:0% Keep a separate pair of shoes or boots near your bird area to wear only when working with your poultry. The same goes for your clothes. Put fresh clothes in a clean container nearby, and wear them only when working with your birds. Because germs can be spread by aerosol droplets, you should even blow your nose and clean your ears with tissues… of course discarding the tissues before you enter your bird area. Clean and disinfect equipment that comes in contact with your birds or their droppings. Feeders, waterers and cages should be cleaned daily. Remember, if there is mud and/or manure on shovels or other equipment, remove it before you scrub and disinfect the area so the disinfectant will work properly.
Line:0% If you remove your birds from their enclosure, it’s a great chance to do a thorough cleaning. For best results, take out all the old litter, manure, and other debris, and then clean and disinfect the area. You should leave it empty for at least 10 days. If you have friends or family help with cleaning, make sure they know it is important to be thorough. The second part of the Protect step is… KEEP IT AWAY. Help keep diseases away from your birds. Control access to your property or school pens, and limit access to your birds. If visitors, even family, friends and neighbors have birds, don’t let them near yours. If visitors just want to see your birds, they should wash up and clean their shoes before entering the bird area.
Line:0% The best solution is to provide clean clothes for visitors. If you’ve been near other birds or owners, such as at an exhibition or a feed store, clean and disinfect your clothing and shoes before going near your birds. It’s also a good idea to keep your poultry away from game birds or migratory waterfowl because they can carry germs and diseases. If your birds are outside, try to keep them in a screened area. And if your birds have been at a fair or exhibition, keep them separate from the rest of your flock for at least two weeks after the event.
Align:start When you get new chicks or birds, they should be isolated for at least 30 days. Remember, buy your chicks and birds from a reputable dealer, and have your parents or advisors help you with the purchase. Finally, don’t share equipment and tools with other bird owners. If you must share a tool or any equipment, disinfect it before bringing it home. Another tip that can help provide protectio will make a big difference in ensuring you have healthy and productive birds at home or your school farm. Remember, YOU are the best protection your birds have. Educate your fellow club or chapter members, as well as your family or friends who own birds.
Just recall these three simple steps for Backyard Biosecurity: LOOK…REPORT… PROTECT. [cock-a-doodle-do] ♪♪.
As found on Youtube
How to practice improved chicken farming Kundapitha village Have you finished lunch? Yes Let’s go to Mamta’s house. Ok. let’s go. AS we discussed, I have come today. Sit down. You finished your work early and came here! Yes, we came. Your daughter in law is doing well? Yes, she is fine. The child is sleeping. Let me help her sleep and then we will talk. Mother and Sasmita had come earlier to learn chicken farming.
I went to Dhenkikote market and bought ten chicks. Since we have bought chickens, please tell us how to take care of them. It’s good that you bought the chicks. You should remember three things to properly care for the chicks. First, vaccinate the chickens to protect them from illness and death. Second, provide a small house for the chickens to stay safe at night. Third, when the chickens will grow, they will lay eggs. The eggs will move and may break. So, you need to keep sand in one side of the house so that the chickens will lay eggs on sand. This can prevent the eggs from breaking. You came at the right time. We have also informed the livestock inspector to vaccinate the chickens. Lets go and see our chicken shed. Ok, lets go. Look, Sir has come! Namaskar! Namaskar! Is everything fine? Yes, everything is fine. He is Dr. Naik, Livestock Inspector! He always comes to vaccinate the chickens.
Yesterday we had informed him to come and he arrived at the right time. Sir will explain now. Since we spoke, I came for a visit. Have have kept all the chickens inside? Yes. Everything is ready. I am so happy that you all are quite interested in chicken farming! Let’s go and immunize the chickens. Sir, please explain to us when we should immunize the chickens. They came here to know about this. Fine, I am quite happy that you are interested in raising chickens at your house. When the chicks hatch whether 10, 20 or 25 — they should be given RDF1 strain within 1 to 7 days, either in their eyes or in the nostrils in the form of drops. Please bring the chicks. Hold it. You can see now. The drops have fallen in the eyes. Alternatively, you can give it in the nostrils, like this and it will go inside. This dose lasts for 7 days. The next dose is given after the 7th day and is called Lacuda.
You can give Lacuda in same manner, either in the eyes or in the nostrils. After that, you have to give RD R2B vaccination within 2 months. It will protect the chickens from dying and prevent from having white stool. Where do we give this vaccine? You can see how I am doing. You need to give RB R2B at the dosage of ml per bird either in their muscles or below the wings.
I immunized all your chickens just now. You need to immunize again after six months. Ok Sir. You should plan for immunization after 3 months again if you are adding chicks in intervals. So, you have to plan for immunization in every 3 to 6 months interval. You will get these vaccines either from medicine store or from government veterinary hospitals. You have to pay Rs. 40 per 10 birds if you purchase the vaccines from medicine stores. But you can get the vaccines at subsidized rate from govt. hospitals. Namaskar! Namaskar! This is our poultry shed. This is the corridor and we have made walls on two sided to get a small house for the chickens. This is the entrance where the chickens enter and exit. The wild cat can not catch the chickens at night if they stay inside. Keep wooden sticks and paste with mud on the top or you can simply use wooden sticks to cover it.
You will have to construct a small house like this. Yes. Its not a difficult task to do. Your mother and wife can help you. You can also construct the shed with bricks and mud and then paste wooden sticks on the wall. You do not need to engage your pregnant daughter in law in this work. Your mother can help you now. Yes. What can you do to help get better production from your chickens? 1.Immunize your chickens 2. Keep chickens in a small house, especially at night, to keep them safe and laying more eggs Its a small shed. Should we keep them inside the shed during the day or night? The chickens will stay here during the night. But we keep them inside an enclosure outside during the day. You can add some ventilation to the shed if you need to, if it doesn’t have windows. Call Denver HVAC, they will help. Come, I will show you. This is the enclosure. As we have a shed here to keep the straw, we have enclosed the four sides with the help of a net. If you do not have a straw shed, then you can find a cool place under a tree and then cover it with nets so chickens won’t be able to leave. You can keep your chickens safe this way.
In this way you can also protect your vegetable plants from being destroyed by them. Secondly, you can protect he chickens from wild cats and dogs. Thirdly, you can clean the chicken feces easily and dump in the compost pits. And the compost is very good for agriculture purposes. And most importantly, this will ensure that we keep the children away from the feces thus protecting them from illnesses. This enclosure should be built at small distance from the house in the backyard. And last but not the least remember you should always wash your hands with soap whenever you handle chickens with your hands. You should also wash your hands with soap after cleaning the chicken feces. What are the important safety aspects in raising chickens? Keep the chickens in a pen, not where the family sleeps and eats, as chickens can pass illness.
Today we learned so many things from you. We will definitely discuss this with our family members and follow the steps we discussed. We are leaving now. Namaskar! Look, he is coming. When did you come? Just one hour ago. What did you see? We saw your poultry shed and how immunization is done. You can sell the chickens in the market after discussing among the family members and can earn some money. We also sell chickens and get additional income. We buy vegetable with the money we get after selling the chickens. You can also do the same and get some profit. Who in the family should decide about chicken raising and income? Families should decide together who should care for the chickens and what to do with the production and income Sukanti Mahanta Saibani Mahanta Satyabrata Mahanta Sasmita Mahanta Mamshree Mahanta Ashirbad Mahanta Ganeswar Mahanta, Livestock Inspector Thank you..
As found on Youtube